The Global Observatory of Dementia (WHO-GDO) informs about the correlation between dementia and economy
Dementia is an illness which affects over 800.000 people in Spain. With the purpose of improving the quality of life of those who are affected by it and stablishing new and better treatments for this disease, the Global Observatory of Dementia, (a project from WHO), estimates that by 2050, 75% of the countries around the world will have developed and update public health policies related to dementia, about research and the right attention of it.
According to WHO, in 2013 high income countries had had 25 million cases of dementia and it is estimated by 2050, over 45 million of cases will be diagnosed. On the other hand, the same year low income countries had had approximately 47 million people affected, and by 2050 will increase to 125 million.
Wealthy countries have administrated and effectuated national projects and guidelines for dementia. Risk factors such as: lack of physical and intelectual activity, obesity, high cholesterol or hypertention, made their inhabitants less likely to develop symptoms of Alzheimer´s due to their high standards of public health, finantial autonomy, accurate medical care and healthy life.
On the contrary, dementia is rasing exponentially in low income countries nations duplicating the number of cases comparing with high income countries. Even though some of them have embraced WHO´s goal, low quality of life and limited capital investment for public health, is affecting the achivement of this purpose.
Countries joining the project
WHO has shown the countries which have accepted this aim and their state on their public health policies (development and updates). In high income countries, only Maldivas is in process of elaborating a demantia plan; the others (Australia, Chile, Costa Rica, France, Italy, Japan, Holland, Qatar, Switzerland and Sweden) are applying policies already designed or working on new ones.
Among low income countries (Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Fiji Island, Hungary, Jordan, Mauritius Islands, Burma, Swaziland, Togo and Tunisia) only Bangladesh, Dominican Republic and Mauritius Islands are working on new dementia health care policies.
Alzheimer´s disease International magazine suggests that in the future nations who have an elevated number of inhabitants or mostly rural population will be the key of forthcoming investigations on dementia. It also points out that the main challenge to achieve this aim is the lack of reliable and unified data of dementia in each country.